Country Traditions

September 17, 2010

medicine chest

Filed under: home remedies, wisdom — Tags: , , , — dmacc502 @ 2:12 pm
Mortar and pestle

Mortar & Pestle

A few  medicines:   The Cures:
Dr. Rush’s Bilious Pills
A potent combination of chemicals
and herbs that quickly cleaned out
a person’s digestive system. Used
for many ills during the expedition,
Lewis brought 50 dozen.
Turkish opium — Obtained
from a poppy plant, it was used
to relieve pain and calm nervous
excitement. Mixed with alcohol,
it made a concentrated sedative
that had been used in medicine
since 1510.
Balsam copaiba — An oily
sap from a South American tree
that contains a germ-killing acid.
When swallowed, it could calm
the stomach and relieve gas. As
a lotion, it was used to treat swelling
of the skin.
Mercury ointment — A treatment
used to treat lesions. The
patient was often treated until he
showed signs of mercury poisoning
such as excessive saliva or
sore gums.
Peruvian bark —
People took more of this
than any other medicine, 15
pounds in the powdered form.
Obtained from a tree in Peru, it
was used as a pick-me-up drink
and for fever, snake bites, abdominal
pain and just about anything
else. It contained quinine, a malaria
treatment.
— They used containers
like these to carry medicinal
substances such as
mercury ointment, see
“cures” above.
1,5. Medicine containers.
2. Cupping glass — When
heated and placed on the
skin, it draws blood to the
surface.
3. Dr. Rush’s Bilious Pills,
see cures.
4. Turkish opium, see
cures.
6-7. Medicine bottles.
8. Bullet tongs — For removing
bullets.
9. Straightedge knife
10-11. Scalpels — For operating
and blood letting.
12. Cauterizer — When
heated, closes wounds.
13. Tenaculum — Pulls
arteries out of a wound.
14. Retractor — Draws
aside the lip of a wound.
For grinding chemicals and
herbs into a powder which
would dissolve more easily.
16. Bone saw — For amputating
limbs.
17. Medicine chest — For
storing medical supplies.
The Causes
Challenges the Corps faced:
l Frostbite
l Snow blindness
l Hail storms
l Gastrointestinal disease from
food and water
l Diseases from encounters with
natives
l Grizzly bears
l Rattlesnakes
l Hunger
l Poorly balanced diets
l Fatigue
l Skin and respiratory infections
l Dislocated joints
l Parasites
l Bullet wounds

http://www.greatfallstribune.com/communities/lewisandclark/20030622/medicine.pdf

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