Country Traditions

September 27, 2010

The Four Fundamentals of Successful Fishing

Filed under: animals, fish, wisdom — Tags: , , , — dmacc502 @ 2:01 pm
Smallmouth Bass from Eagle Lake in Ontario, Ca...

Image via Wikipedia

Here are some tried-and-truefishing tips from an expert fisherman.

Be at the right place at the right time.

General rules regarding the right time are as follows:

  • Trout are abundant when water temperatures are between 50ºF and 55ºF. For fly-fishermen, this is when mayflies are hatching and trout are feeding at the surface, usually from dusk to dark during the summer. For bait fishermen, the right time is early spring, when stream levels rise.
  • Smallmouth bass are abundant during spawning season (late May to early June) wherever the law allows. Cast to the shoreline with fly-rod lures.
  • Largemouth bass are all-season feeders, with depth more important than time. They will cruise the shoreline after dark, so use a flashlight sparingly.
  • Northern pike, pickerel, and panfish are all-season biters as well.
  • Walleyes can be caught during spawning runs where legal (late April and early May). After spawning, look along shorelines, where they tend to cruise in schools.
  • Landlocked salmon are ready from ice-out until surface temperatures approach 60ºF.
  • Bullheads feed most actively at night.

Fish at the proper depth.

Determining the right depth is of critical importance, especially in lake fishing.

  • Shallow depths are tolerated by northern pike, pickerel, largemouth bass, and panfish. They can be caught throughout the season in water bordering weed beds, around sunken brush, and in the shade.
  • Thermocline-level fish dwell approximately 20 to 35 feet below the surface, and include trout, walleye, and smallmouth bass. They are attracted to hot spots such as drop-offs and sunken reefs. Once you’ve found them, fish natural baits within inches of the bottom.

Use the correct bait or lure.

Most species have a particular preference:


  • Nightcrawlers are preferred by trout, smallmouth bass, walleye, bullheads, small catfish, and eels.
  • Crayfish are preferred by trout, largemouth bass, and smallmouth bass.
  • Minnows are preferred by trout, northern pike, pickerel, smallmouth bass, and walleye.
  • Smelt is preferred by landlocked salmon.


  • Streamers attract trout, largemouth bass, and smallmouth bass.
  • Plugs attract smallmouth and largemouth bass.
  • Popping bugs attract northern pike, pickerel, panfish, smallmouth bass, and largemouth bass.
  • Wobblers attract landlocked salmon, walleye, and trout.

Use the proper presentation.

Even if you follow the three steps above, you can still come home empty-handed because of faulty presentation.

  • Remember, natural baits appeal to fish hunger. Lures draw strikes by exciting fish to attack.
  • Use the smallest hooks, lightest sinkers, and finest lines and leaders that are practical. This will avoid causing alarm and suspicion.
  • The secret of success with lures is erratic retrieves. Experiment with different variations.

Following these tips will improve your chances of a good catch but will not guarantee it. On some days, the fish win. Remember, only a poor loser begrudges a worthy opponent his share of victory.

by Harold Blaisdell

Source: The 1981 Old Farmer’s Almanac


September 17, 2010

Uses for Lemons

Filed under: farming, fish, freezing food, home remedies, laundry, recipes — Tags: , , , — dmacc502 @ 3:12 pm
Two lemons, one whole and one sliced in half

Image via Wikipedia

Home uses for lemons.

  • For a sore throat or bad breath, gargle with some lemon juice.
  • Clean discolored utensils with a cloth dipped in lemon juice. Rinse with warm water.
  • Toss used lemons into your garbage disposal to help keep it clean and smelling fresh.
  • Use one part lemon juice and two parts salt to scour chinaware to its original luster.
  • A few drops of lemon juice in outdoor house-paint will keep insects away while you are painting and until the paint dries.
  • Remove scratches on furniture by mixing equal parts of lemon juice and salad oil and rubbing it on the scratches with a soft cloth.
  • To make furniture polish, mix one part lemon juice and two parts olive oil.
  • To clean the surface of white marble or ivory (such as piano keys), rub with a half a lemon, or make a lemon juice and salt paste. Wipe with a clean, wet cloth.
  • To renew hardened paintbrushes, dip into boiling lemon juice. Lower the heat and leave the brush for 15 minutes, then wash it in soapy water.
  • To remove dried paint from glass, apply hot lemon juice with a soft cloth. Leave until nearly dry, and then wipe off.
  • Rub kitchen and bathroom faucets with lemon peel. Wash and dry with a soft cloth to shine and remove spots.
  • Fresh lemon juice in rinse water removes soap film from interiors of ovens and refrigerators.
  • Create your own air freshener: Slice some lemons, cover with water, and let simmer in a pot for about an hour. (This will also clean your aluminum pots!)
  • Fish or onion odor on your hands can be removed by rubbing them with fresh lemons.
  • To get odors out of wooden rolling pins, bowls, or cutting boards, rub with a piece of lemon. Don’t rinse: The wood will absorb the lemon juice.
  • Save lemon and orange rinds to deter squirrels and cats from digging in the garden. Store rinds in the freezer during the winter, and then bury them just under the surface of the garden periodically throughout the spring and summer.
  • After a shampoo, rinse your hair with lemon juice to make it shine. Mix the strained juice of a lemon in an eight-ounce glass of warm water.
  • Mix one tablespoon of lemon juice with two tablespoons of salt to make a rust-removing scrub.
  • Before you start to vacuum, put a few drops of lemon juice in the dust bag. It will make the house smell fresh.
  • Get grimy white cotton socks white again by boiling them in water with a slice of lemon.
  • Clean copper pots by cutting a lemon in half and rubbing the cut side with alt until the salt sticks. Rub the lemon onto the metal, rinse with hot water, and polish dry.
  • Suck on a lemon to settle an upset stomach.

September 13, 2010

Trout Fishing

Filed under: animals, fish — Tags: , , , — dmacc502 @ 12:15 am
Fly fisherman above Ojo Calenti Bend on the Fi...

Image via Wikipedia

Fly-fishing is the most common among the fishing sports like bait fishing, spin fishing, trolling and ice fishing. Though fishing was the preferred sporting encounters for men in the early days, women have also come forward and demanded for flies to catch their preferred fish because of the emergence of sport tourism among couples and families.

For fly-fishing, a conventional angling method, artificial flies are tied using materials including feather and fur onto a hook to imitate naturally occurring food. Rods are generally light and the lines are fairly light, together providing the weight and the momentum for casting.

Learn how to fly-fish! Here are the basic steps that you need to learn.

  • The first step should be to identify the best location for fly-fishing. Then, lay your fly on the water using the stop-drop-drop method. The following is the most important step. Loop the fly line over the second and third finger of your rod hand and hold it loosely next to the cork handle when the fly hits the water, and take the hold of the line with your line hand in front of the reel. This helps you pull the line as and when required. In order to get sufficient length, ensure additional rolls.
  • Now you are ready to hit the fish. Point your rod tip at the fly and follow it down the water. When the fish hits, strengthen your fingers on the rod handle and raise the rod sharply to set the hook. Keep your rod tip high, letting the fish run as the line slides out over your fingers.
  • Palm the reel to bring the fish down and once you gain the control over it, reel in quickly. Keep doing this process of palm and reel until the fish is exhausted. If the fish moves in your direction, raise your rod over your head and bring the line back to the second and third fingers of your rod hand. Then separate the line as fast as possible and take up the slack. If the fish is moving away from you, keeping the rod high, allow the line to slide through your fingers and palm the reel after all the slack is over.
  • What do you do when the fly hits the water behind the fly-fisher during casting? There is a solution for this. Keep your thumb pointed straight to the sky as you cast and relax your shoulder, and you can get your arm fully back to the 1 o’clock position. The other problem you may encounter is when the line and the leader pile up on the water instead of flying out. The solution for this is to practice the stop-drop-drop method for laying the fly on the water. The stop-drop-drop method is used for stopping the rod hand at 11 o’clock position, letting the line begin to drop, and only then dropping the rod tip.

Trout Fishing

  1. Background:
    Trout fishing is a great adventure sport. It is a fresh-water sport. It is usually carried out on the river-shores and ice-capped mountain streams. Fast and high altitude streams at the river and lakes are ideal for trout fishing. It is a fun and challenging sport.
  2. Preparation:
    It is important to find the suitable places where freshwater trout fishing is possible. It varies with the geographical location you choose. The cold mountain streams are well suited for trout fishing for both-brown and rainbow trout fishes. Its is a fresh water sport, so it is generally possible to get a good catch during all seasons. Both the seasons are good to carry out fishing, but during winters the lake surface generally gets iced-up, and the trout fishes generally move deeper the surface. However, they only return to surface when the temperature rises up again. Also fishing at the mountainous regions is generally difficult, it due to rough weather conditions, and ice-packed spots. S
  3. o, it is better to prepare yourself in advance with appropriate clothing and equipments required according to area you are going to visit. Apart from general fishing equipments, specific equipments such as rods, line, hooks, reel, spoon are all required for trout fishing, and should be carried in the back-pack. It is better to check the equipments in advance. Rod should be pumped enough and reel should be oiled, not to have difficulty after travelling.
  4. Be careful with the kind of clothes you take. It should match the local weather conditions and the places you are going to visit for trout fishing. Generally, casual clothing package such as light shirts and shorts works well at the warmer spots. Additional slip-on and loafers are generally recommended for high altitude fishing. They are good water-soaking outfits and help protect toes as well. Lighting equipments such as torch are of help in a crisis situation.
  5. Practical tips:
    • It is primarily important to fish as near the rapids as possible.
    • Patience is the key. It is important not to make much noise during fishing. They can
    easily perceive any kind of disturbances over the surface.
    • Keep your reel properly oiled in advance.
    • All necessary fishing permits, depending on the geographical location you are going
    to visit should be sought, before you travel.
    • Destination should be chosen according to your budget, interest, and the season
    • High peaks should generally be avoided due to health reasons.
    • Always update yourself about weather conditions of the place you are going to visit.
    • Take all the necessary clothing and other necessary equipments according to the place
    you are going to visit
    • Sun creams, rubber shoes, other items of interest and use should be back-packed
    carefully in advance.

September 12, 2010

How to Clean Fish

Filed under: animals, fish — dmacc502 @ 11:42 pm

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